Infant and Child

  • Vitamin D in School Children Reduces Influenza Incidence

    March 13th, 2010 |  1

    For a few years now I’ve always taken Vitamin D during the winter and felt it helped reduce the incidence and severity of colds I would get.   Now a study just published shows that giving vitamin D to school children reduced the incidence of influenza.   We should all be having our Vitamin D levels checked, especially if we are one to get a lot of colds each year.    Taking 1000-2000IU/day through the winter may be your best bet if you cannot get your blood tested.   There is almost no risk of developing any toxicity at 2000IU/day, unless you already had high levels of D in your blood.

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  • Probiotics Given to Pregnant Women and Nursing Mom's Reduces Incidence of Eczema in Offspring

    December 3rd, 2009 |  0

    There are several studies showing that maternal diet plays an important role in the health of offspring:

    An interesting study was just published to determine if a particular strain of probiotic  supplementation can reduce the incidence of eczema in infants that are born into a family history of allergies and eczema.  There were 68 infant/mother pairs separated into a study group receiving the probiotic and a control group receiving a placebo.

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  • Fish Oil During Pregnancy and Lactation Reduces Chances of Infant Allergies

    June 13th, 2009 |  0

    Maternal intake of omega-3 (omega-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) during pregnancy has decreased, possibly contributing to a current increased risk of childhood allergy. Aim: To describe the effects of maternal omega-3 long-chain PUFA supplementation during pregnancy and lactation on the incidence of allergic disease in infancy. Methods: One hundred and forty-five pregnant women, affected by allergy themselves or having a husband or previous child with allergies, were included in a randomized placebo-controlled trial. Daily maternal supplementation with either 1.6 g eicosapentaenoic acid and 1.1 g docosahexaenoic acid or placebo was given from the 25(th) gestational week to average 3-4 months of breastfeeding. Skin prick tests, detection of circulating specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies and clinical examinations of the infants were performed. Results: The period prevalence of food allergy was lower in the omega-3 group (1/52, 2%) compared to the placebo group (10/65, 15%, p < 0.05) as well as the incidence of IgE-associated eczema (omega-3 group: 4/52, 8%; placebo group: 15/63, 24%, p < 0.05). Conclusion: Maternal omega-3 fatty acid supplementation may decrease the risk of food allergy and IgE-associated eczema during the first year of life in infants with a family history of allergic disease.

    Read the entire article here.

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  • Fish Oil Can Reduce Infections in Healthy Children

    March 12th, 2009 |  0

    In a placebo-controlled study of 180 healthy Thai schoolchildren, results indicate that supplementation with fish oil may reduce the frequency and duration of illness, particularly those involving the upper respiratory tract. The children received fish oil (200 mg EPA and 1 g DHA per day) or placebo, five days per week for a period of 6 months. At intervention end, children in the fish oil-supplemented group showed fewer episodes and shorter duration of illness (mainly upper respiratory tract) than the placebo group. Additionally, plasma transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 concentrations were lower in the fish oil group, compared with the placebo group. Thus, the authors of this study conclude, “Very long-chain omega-3 PUFAs reduce illness, mainly infections, in healthy Thai schoolchildren.”

    “Fish Oil N-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Selectively Affect Plasma Cytokines and Decrease Illness in Thai Schoolchildren: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Intervention Trial,” Thienprasert A, Calder PC, et al, J Pediatr, 2008 Oct;


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  • Probiotic Supplementation Effective For Children in Reducing GI Infections

    February 15th, 2009 |  0

    In a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial involving 1,062 children under the age of 5 years, supplementation with Lactobacillus casei rhamnosus (200 million colony forming units/d) was found to control bacterial, viral (18% reduction), and respiratory infections (17% reduction), a probiotic containing multiple species (12 bacterial strains, including 7 species of Lactobacillus, 3 types of bifidobacteria, 1 type of Streptococcus, 1 type of Enterococcus) significantly reduced gastrointestinal disease (42% decrease in short-term and 44% decrease in long-term), and long-term consumption of L.rhamnosus T cell-1 (10 billion cfu) decreased the incidence of bacterial infection.


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