Stimulation of Acupuncture Point Improves Gait in Elderly


Below is the abstract of a recent research article that stimulating a certain acupuncture point GB-34 known as “Yang Ling Quan” (translated loosely to Yang Mound Spring) helped improve gait in the elderly. It was a randomized control trial which is what makes it a bit more interesting. Stimulating one point on each person is not acupuncture as acupuncture is individualized based on a person’s pattern. However it does show that needles inserted into the subcutaneous tissue can have therapeutic physiological effects that have yet to be clearly understood (although there are many theories as to why acupuncture works so effectively for a wide variety of conditions).

Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2011 Jan;92(1):7-14.

Stimulation of Acupoint ST-34 Acutely Improves Gait Performance in Geriatric Patients During Rehabilitation: A Randomized Controlled Trial.


Hauer K, Wendt I, Schwenk M, Rohr C, Oster P, Greten J.

Department of Geriatric Research, Bethanien-Hospital/Geriatric Centre at the University of Heidelberg.

Abstract

Hauer K, Wendt I, Schwenk M, Rohr C, Oster P, Greten J. Stimulation of acupoint ST-34 acutely improves gait performance in geriatric patients during rehabilitation: a randomized controlled trial.

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a specific regimen of acupoint stimulation improved gait performance in geriatric patients.

DESIGN: Multiple-blinded, randomized, controlled intervention trial.

SETTING: Geriatric ward rehabilitation.

PARTICIPANTS: 60 geriatric patients during rehabilitation.

INTERVENTIONS: Both groups received a 1-time acupoint stimulation according to randomization. Stimulation of a verum acupoint (verum treatment) according to principles of traditional Chinese medicine was compared with a technically identical needle application on a nonacupoint (control treatment) in the control group.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Descriptive parameters were documented by valid, established tests. Gait performance was objectively measured by an electronic walkway before needling and after needling.

RESULTS: All gait parameters showed statistically significant improvement after verum treatment compared with control treatment (velocity, cadence, stride length, cycle time, step time, single support, double support: P values all <.05) except for the base of support (P=.163). Effect sizes achieved by 1-time stimulation of an acupoint were low and ranged from .08 to .24. No severe adverse clinical events related to the intervention occurred.

CONCLUSIONS: Study results showed that a 1-time administration of a specific acupoint stimulation regimen statistically significantly improved gait performance during geriatric ward rehabilitation. If sustainability of effects can be documented, acupuncture may prove to be an inexpensive intervention that may mildly improve motor performance in frail geriatric patients.

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